What Is Gemifloxacin Used For?

Gemifloxacin Use for Pneumonia

Pneumonia is an infection within one or both lungs. It can be caused by bacteria, viruses, or, in rare cases, fungi or parasites. Healthcare providers separate pneumonia into different types based on where the infection occurred or on the germ that caused it. Some different types include:
 
  • Community-acquired pneumonia
  • Hospital-acquired pneumonia
  • Healthcare-associated pneumonia.
     
(Click Types of Pneumonia for more information.)
 
Gemifloxacin is approved to treat mild-to-moderate, community-acquired pneumonia, which is acquired or "caught" out in the community, outside of a hospital or nursing home. It is specifically approved to work against the following types of bacteria:
 
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae (including multidrug-resistant strains)
  • Haemophilus influenzae
  • Moraxella catarrhalis
  • Mycoplasma pneumoniae
  • Chlamydia pneumoniae
  • Klebsiella pneumoniae.
 

How Does This Medicine Work?

Gemifloxacin works by killing certain bacteria that cause infections. It does this by interfering with two bacterial enzymes called topoisomerase IV and DNA gyrase. These enzymes are needed by the bacteria to copy and repair DNA, important steps required for the bacteria to multiply.
 

Is It Safe for Children to Use Gemifloxacin?

Gemifloxacin is not approved for use in children younger than 18 years of age, as it has not been adequately studied in this age group. Like other quinolones, gemifloxacin may cause bone, joint, or tendon problems in children.
 
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Gemifloxacin Drug Information

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